CHAPTER 6

PROCEDURE FOR FINALISATION OF PENSION/COMMUTATION CASES

6.1    It is one of the important functions of Heads of Offices to see that pension cases of their retiring employees are finalised expeditiously and that there is no delay in the payment of pension and DCRG. The rules and procedure for finalisation of pension cases are laid down in Chapter VIII of the CCS (Pension) Rules, 1972 as amended from time to time. Some important provisions in this regard are mentioned in the ensuing paragraphs.

Time Table for the Work

[Rules 58 & 59 of CCS (Pension) Rules].

6.2    The Head of Office, or other authority responsible for preparing the pension papers should initiate work of preparation of pension case two years before the retirement of the Government servant. At this stage the essential information necessary for working out the qualifying service should be collected, and the entire service book should be examined with a view to remove deficiencies and imperfections, if any, in the service book/records. This process should be completed not later than eight months in advance of the date of retirement of the Government servant.

[Rule 59 of CCS(Pension) Rules]

6.3    Particulars as required in Form 5 of the Pension Rules should be obtained from the Government servant and the actual work of preparation of pension papers, viz., the reckoning of qualifying service and the calculation of average emoluments should also be taken up not later than 8 months before the retirement date. Any deficiency or imperfection, or omissions which still remain in the service records should be ignored, and the determination of qualifying service should be proceeded with on the basis of entries in the service records whatever the degree of perfection to which it might have been possible to bring them by that time.

Calculation of Average emoluments

[Rule 59(i)(b)(iii) of CCS (Pension) Rules]

6.4    The average emoluments should be determined with reference to emoluments drawn during the last 10 months of his service, after taking into account other provisions of Rule 34 of the CCS(Pension) Rules, 1972. This work involves not merely an arithmetical calculation of the average emoluments but also a check of the correctness of the emoluments which enter into that calculation. To ensure that emoluments drawn during the last ten months of service have been correctly shown in the service book, the Head of Office may verify the correctness of emoluments for the period of 24 months only preceding the date of retirement and not for any earlier period.

Completion & forwarding of Pension papers to PAO for arranging payments

[Rule 61 to 65 of CCS(Pension) Rules].

6.5    The process of determining the qualifying service and the average emoluments and the admissible pension and gratuity should be completed positively within a period of 2 months and the pension papers sent to the Pay & Accounts Office concerned not later than 6 months before the date of retirement. That Office will issue the pension payment order (including the order for the payment of the death-cum-retirement gratuity) not later than one month in advance of date of retirement.

[Rule 83(2) of CCS(Pension) Rules].

6.6    It should be seen that the regular payment of superannuation pension commences from the first day of the following month.

Finalisation of Pre-mature retirement cases

[Rule 36 of CCS(Pension) Rules].

6.7    Pension cases of Government servants retiring earlier than their normal date of compulsory retirement [either in pursuance of the provisions of FR 56(J) or (K) and the corresponding provisions in the CCS (Pension) Rules, 1972 or because of the deemed retirement in terms of Rule 37 of the CCS (Pension) Rules, 1972 on the grounds of permanent absorption in a public sector undertaking/autonomous body] should also be processed and finalised expeditiously, even though because of the nature of retirement, advance action on the above lines cannot be taken.

Qualifying service - Calculation

6.8    The following important provisions should be kept in view :-

(i)    Under Rule 21 of the CCS (Pension) Rules, 1972, extra -ordinary leave granted on medical certificate qualifies for pension. The appointing authority may, at the time to granting extra-ordinary leave, also allow the period of such leave to count as qualifying for pension if the leave is granted due to inability of the Government servant to join or rejoin duty on account of civil commotion or for prosecuting higher scienctific and technical studies.

[Rule 21 of CCS (Pension) Rules]

(ii)    Rule 23 of the CCS (Pension) Rules, 1972 requires that in cases other than those in which suspension has been held to be wholly unjustified, the competent authority should at the appropriate time, declare whether, and so what extent, the period of suspension will count towards the qualifying service. Specific entries in this regard in the service book /records should be taken note of at the time of reckoning qualifying service. In the absence of any specific entry,the period of suspension shall be taken as counting as qualifying service.

[Rule 28 of CCS (Pension) Rules].

(iii)    In the absence of a specific indication to the contrary in the service records, as interruption between two spells of civil service rendered under the Central Government including service paid out of Defence Estimates or Railway Estimates will be treated as automatically condoned and the pre-interruption service treated as qualifying service for pension, except where it is otherwise known that the interruption was caused by resignation, dismissal or removal from service or due to participation in a strike. The period of interruption itself shall not count as qualifying service for pension.

[Government of India Decision under Rule 67 of CCS(Pension) Rules].

(iv)    In cases of deputation/foreign service, where the Government servant himself is to make payment of pension contributions, it is necessary to ascertain whether such recoveries have been made, before the period of foreign service is reckoned as qualifying service. However, the Government servant should not be put to considerable difficulty because of any defective or incomplete record maintenance by the Administrative/ Accounts Offices. In such cases, the Government servant could be asked to produce evidence to show that he had indeed made the contribution. In cases of deputation/foreign service where the responsibility for making pension contributions is that of the borrowing organisation and where either some of the contributions have not been recovered or the records in respect of the recoveries of contributions are incomplete, while the authorities concerned should pursue the matter with the borrowing organisation separately for appropriate action, this should have no bearing on the processing and finalization of pension papers.

Administrative sanction to pension and the concept of approved Service - Dispensation thereof.

6.9    The requirement of an administrative sanction to pension has been dispensed with and as such the pension papers need not be submitted to the Head of the Department or the Appointing Authority for obtaining administrative sanctions.

Payment of Provisional Pension & Gratuity

[Rule 9 & 9(4) of CCS(Pension) Rules].

6.10    Where departmental or judical proceedings instituted during the service of the Government servant are not likely to be finalised by the date of retirement, action to grant provisional pension in terms of Rule 69 of the CCS(Pension) Rules, 1972 should be taken so that the retiring government servant may not be put to undue hardship.

[Rule 62 of CCS(Pension) Rules].

6.11    If, after the submission of pension papers to the Accounts Officer responsible for issuing the Pension Payment Order,any event occurs which has a bearing on the amount of pension admissible,the fact should be promptly reported to him by the Head of Office.

[Rule 64 of CCS (Pension) Rules]

6.12    In exceptional cases where for any special reasons it has not been found possible to complete and forward the pension papers to the Accounts Officer responsible for issuing the PPO within the prescribed time-schedule, or if the Accounts Officer has returned the papers to the Head of Office for eliciting further information before issue of PPO/GPO, and the Head of Office is of the opinion that the government servant is likely to retire before his pension and gratuity are finally assessed, he should, without delay take steps to determine the amount of pension and gratuity and sanction their payment as provisional pension and provisional gratuity, which shall be drawn in the same manner as pay and allowances and paid to the Government servant, on retirement.

[Rules 64(6) & 72 of CCS(Pension) Rules].

6.13    The provisional pension is not intended to be continued on a provisional basis beyond a period of six months from the date of retirement.

[M/F O.M.F.11(3)EV (A)76 dt.29-2-76].

6.14    The issue of a Last Pay Certificate should not be insisted upon before the payment of provisional pension. During the period of six months after retirement which has been provided for various purposes, it should be possible for the Head of Office or other office concerned to issue the Last Pay Certificate. In cases in which the last Pay Certificate has not been issued by the time the formal pension/gratuity payment orders are received (whether this happens prior to the retirement of the Government servant or after his retirement and after the grant of a provisional pension), the gratuity payment order will in any case include a provision for the withholding of 10 per cent of the gratuity or Rs. 1000/- whichever is less pending the production of the Last Pay Certificate.

Adjustment of Government dues

[Rule 71 of CCS (Pension) Rules]

6.15    `In order to ensure timely finalisation of pension cases, suitable action should be taken to ascertain the Government dues well in time and to adjust them in accordance with the prescribed procedures. In this connection, the following instructions should be observed :-

A.    Dues pertaining to Government accommo-dation under the Directorate of Estates.

[Rules 57 & 72(1)(3) of CCS(Pension) Rules].

(i)    The Head of Office should write to the Directorate of Estates at least two years before the retirement of the Government servant in occupation of a Govt. accommodation for issue of `No Demand Certificate'. The Directorate of Estates should scrutinize its records and inform the Head of Office 8 months before the date of retirement, if any, outstanding dues are recoverable from the Government servant on that date. If no intimation regarding such dues is received by the Head of Office, he should presume that nothing is recoverable from the Government servant in respect of any past period. If the Directorate of Estates intimates the amount of Government dues recoverable in respect of any past period, the Head of Office should ensure that these dues are recovered from the current pay and allowances/gratuity as the case may be.

[Rule 72(2) of CCS(Pension) Rules].

(ii)    The Head of Office should ensure that licence fee for the next 8 months i.e. upto the date of retirement is recovered every month from the pay and allowances of the Government servant.

[Rule 72(4) of CCS(Pension) Rules].

(iii)    The Directorate of Estates will also intimate to the Head of Office the amount of licence fee for the period of two months beyond the date of retirement and the same should also be recovered from the gratuity, where the Government servant is to retain Government accommodation beyond his date of retirement.

B.    Dues other than those pertaining to Government accommo-dation.

(i)    For ascertaining other Government dues, action should be initiated simultaneously with the processing of the pension papers i.e. two years prior to the retirement on superannuation or on the date of proceeding on leave preparatory to retirement, whichever is earlier and by the time the next stage of the actual preparation of pension papers is reached, it should be possible to know all Government dues outstanding against the Government servant. This information should be updated with reference to the records of the subsequent period till the Government servant retires.

[Rule 73 of CCS(Pension) Rules].

(ii)    The Head of Office should mention clearly in the pension papers, the outstanding Government dues which should be recovered from the death-cum-retirement gratuity,and if after submission of the pension papers, additional recoveries to be made from the gratuity come to notice, these should be promptly reported to the Accounts Office.

[Government of India Decision 1 below Rule 73 of CCS (Pension) Rules,1972].

NOTE (a) :-    The arrears of water and electricity charges recoverable by local bodies and co-operative societies dues cannot be treated as dues to Government. No recovery of such dues should be made from the DCRG.

[Government of India Decision 1 below Rule 73 of CCS (Pension) Rules,1972].

(b) :-    Family pension is like any other pension and recoveries of dues whether Government or Non-Government are not permissible from it without obtaining the consent of the pensioner.

[Government of India Decision 2 below Rule 73 of CCS (Pension) Rules,1972].

(c) :-    The term `Government dues' covers only the dues payable to the Government and does not include dues while on deputation to an autonomous Organisation. The latter can, however, be recovered from the gratuity if the Government servant has given his consent in writing.

Commutation of Pension

6.16    Commutation of Pension is governed by the Central Civil Services(Commutation of Pension) Rules,1981 which came into force from 1-7-81. These apply to all government servants entitled to pension under C.C.S. (Pension) Rules,1972.

Restriction, limits etc on commutation of Pension

[Rule 4,5&8] of commutation of Pension Rules 1981

6.17    Commutation of Pension is allowed either on medical examination and also without medical examination in certain cases as specified in the rules. However, government servant against whom departmental or judicial proceedings have been instituted, cannot avail of commutation benefits during pendency of such proceedings.

6.18    A fraction not exceeding one third of the pension is allowed to be commuted by a government servant. If the fraction of pension to be commuted results in a fraction of rupees, such fraction should be ignored. The commuted value of pension shall be worked out with reference to the Table of the values, prescribed from time to time and applicable to the applicant on the date on which the commutation becomes absolute. The commuted value shall be expressed and paid in whole rupees.

Commutation of Pension to become absolute

Rule 6 of commutatuion of Pension Rules 1981

6.19    (i) The Commutation of pension becomes absolute when the application in the prescribed form is received by the Head of Office where commutation is without medical examination and on the date on which the medical authority signs the medical report when commutation of pension is sanctioned on the basis of medical examination.

[Authority - DPAR : Notification No. 34/1/81-Pension unit dt. 8-7-83]Rule 6(i)(a)].

(ii)    In the case of a government servant retiring on superannuation who desires payment of commuted value of pension being authorised at the time of issue of pension payment order and applies for commutation of a fraction of pension along with pension papers prior to the date of retirement in accordance with sub rule (3) of Rule 13, the commutation of pension becomes absolute on the date following the date of his retirement.

Commutation of Pension without medical examination

Rule 12 of CCS (Cmmutation of Pension) Rules 1981

6.20    A government servant who has been authorised superannuation, retiring, compensation pension or pension after finalisation of departmental or judical proceedings, or pension on absorption in public sector undertaking(with option to receive monthly pension) is entitled to commutation benefits without medical examination.

Authorisation & Payment of Commuted value of Pension

6.21    In the type of cases referred to in sub-para (ii) of para 6.19, the Head of Office, after obtaining authorisation from the Accounts Officer, would draw the amount of commuted value of pension and disburse it i.e. hand over the cheque not payable before the first day after the date following the date of retirement of the government servant. In other cases, the Head of Office should initial the form in token of timely receipt and should acknowledge immediatley its receipt to the applicant. After verifying the particulars in the application including the commuted value worked out, the Head of Office should forward it to the Accounts Officer for issue of authority to the pension disbursing authority with a copy to the applicant.

Commutation of Pension after medical Examination

Rule 18 bid

6.22    The benefit of commutation is also admissible to a government servant who is sanctioned provisional pension, and the procedure for making such payment by Head of Office applies. The provisional commuted value is subject to final assessment. Commutation of pension after medical examination is admissible to government servant retired on invalid pension, on absorption in public sector undertaking with an option for the alternative of receiving a lump sum in lieu of pension, on compulsory retirement, on applying for it after the expiry of one year of retirement etc. On receipt of the prescribed application form, the Head of Office would acknowledge it and forward the same immediately to the Accounts Office. The Accounts Office shall then fill in the relevant particulars and return to Head of Office for onward transmission, alongwith other particulars, to the designated medical authority for medical examination under advice to the applicant himself.

On receipt of report from the designated Medical authority, the Accounts Office will issue the authorisation to the pension disbursing authority under advice to the applicant/Head of Office.

Nomination etc for Payment of arrears of deceased Pensions.

[DPAR's Notification No. 26(3)/Pension-Units/82,dated 26-8-83].

6.23    The Payment of arrears of Pension (Nomination) Rules,1983 which came into force with effect from 10-9-83, extend the facility of "nomination'' for payment of arrears of pension to "nominees'' of the deceased Central Government pensioners. Nomination includes fresh nomination, modifications of the existing one, etc.

Rule 5 of Payment of Arrears of Pensions (Nomination) Rules 1983

The Head of Office should obtain, in triplicate, nominations in prescribed forms, within 3 months before or after the date of retirement from the retiring/retired government servant. After verification of particulars, the Head of Office should return (within a maximum period of 30 days), the duplicate copy, duly attested by Head of Office or by another authorised officer, to the retiring/retired government servant for his record. The triplicate copy would be sent by Head of Office to the Accounts Officer alongwith the pension papers (if still lying with his office), or would be sent separately to the Accounts Officer by giving reference to PPO No. etc. for onward transmission of the same to the Pension Disbursing Authority for their record and custody. The Original copy of such ``nomination'' would be retained by the Head of Office for his own record.